During World War One, a blind-folded President Wilson selects the first number to be drawn in the military "Draft" of September 30, 1918.
Military conscription, popularly referred to as the "Draft", was initiated by both the North and South during the Civil War with less than satisfactory results. Following America’s declaration of war on Germany in April 1917, Congress reinstituted conscription in May with the passage of the Selective Service Act. President Wilson reluctantly supported the reinstitution of the Draft in order to assure that jobs on the Home Front critical to the war effort were not abandoned. The Draft was ended with the end of the war.
The first Draft during World War One was held on June 5, 1917. The first number drawn was 258, held by Alden C. Flagg. The first peace-time draft was held 23 years later in 1940. The first number drawn on that occasion was 158, held by Alden C. Flagg, Jr.